Giving credit were credit is due is an important and highly regarded concept in academic work. It is the way we acknowledge the many foundations on which our own endeavors are built -- citing is not something created just to annoy you. It is a fundamental aspect of being someone who learns.
A citation should be created when:
In general, when you create a citation what you are doing is recording the following information:
In short, you have to. To not cite your sources would be plagiarism.
But citations also serve an important academic purpose. Citations allow you to give credit where credit is due, but they also allow your readers to find your sources. In providing the information required by MLA citations, you provide a road map for future readers to follow.
Citation chaining is the practice of searching one source's citations for other sources that could be useful to you. While it might feel a little like cheating, it's actually a great way to understand the larger scholarly conversation around your topic, and to find relevant sources, especially if a database search isn't giving you many results.
In order to do this successfully, you have to be able to identify the type of source being cited to understand how and where to look for it.
If the source is a book, you can search the library catalog (UDC Search). If UDC does not have a copy, you might be able to request the book through Consortium Loan Service from another library in the Washington Research Library Consortium.
If the source is an article, you can also search the catalog by the title (often times, quotation marks around the title are needed). Once again, if UDC does not have access to the article, you may be able to request it from another library in the WRLC. If the catalog returns no results, you can also try Google Scholar.
Please note that in most cases, you should not need to pay for articles. If you cannot find it freely accessible via the catalog or Google Scholar, please contact a librarian to help you acquire a copy.
“Imagine that you enter a parlor. You come late. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about. In fact, the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before. You listen for a while, until you decide that you have caught the tenor of the argument; then you put in your oar. Someone answers; you answer him; another comes to your defense; another aligns himself against you, to either the embarrassment or gratification of your opponent, depending upon the quality of your ally's assistance. However, the discussion is interminable. The hour grows late, you must depart. And you do depart, with the discussion still vigorously in progress.”
Burke, Kenneth. The Philosophy of Literary Form. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1941.
Excerpt from a scholarly article.
Similar to the examples found in "In text Citation Examples," wite a sentence (or two) summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting the excerpt
Submit your text via this form.
As you read the paragraphs, look for:
How well do you think the author used evidence to support their argument?
The below citations each have one mistake in them. Identify the errors.
Zotero is a free standalone program that works with the Chrome, Firefox, or Safari browsers to provide a simple way to save the information for citations, organize that information, and format the information based on a particular citation style.
For more information, consult our guide to Zotero and visit the Zotero website.