Skip to main content

APA Style Guide

This guide is intended to help students cite their sources according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (2010).

Journal Article with 3 - 6 Authors (p. 198)

When a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is listed on the journal article, include it in your reference. If you have acessed a journal article online, and if there is no DOI, then give the URL of the journal's website.

NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname

 

GENERAL FORMAT

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)

 

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)

  
References:
 
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.
            Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title:
          
            Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR
           
            Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available]. 
 
 
Example 1
 
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
 
(Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)
 
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
 
(Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)
 
 
References:
 
Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work
          
             education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.
           
             doi:10.1080/02615470020028364
 
 
Example 2:
 
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
 
(Black et al., 2008)
 
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
 
(Black et al., 2008, p. 140)
 
 
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
 
(Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009)
 
NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Brinkworth et al., 2009)
 
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
 
(Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009, p. 27)
 
 
References:
 
Brinkworth, G. D., Noakes, M., Buckley, J. D., Keogh, J. B., & Clifton, P. M. (2009).
          
          Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an
         
          isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(1),
        
          23-32. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27326